Peru and Bolivia are defeated by Chile during the Pacific War in which Peru loses territory in the south to Chile.
Spain recognizes the independence of Peru.
Chile occupied Lima.
Of disputed origin. It has been in use since the 17th century. It is now generally taken as a feminine equivalent of Andreas , and this probably represents its actual origin. However, it was not in use in the Middle Ages, and the suggestion has also been made that it represents a coinage in English from the Greek vocabulary word andreia ‘manliness, virility’.