Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1868 · The Railroad Refrigerator Car
During the mid-19th century, attempts were made to ship perishable products by rail. The Western Railroad of Massachusetts was the first to experiment with the concept, but it was only functional in cold weather. In 1868, William Davis, of Detroit, patented a refrigerator car that used a frozen mixture of ice and salt to keep everything cold for shipment. It could be used in all weather and in all seasons. He sold the design to George H. Hammond, a Detroit meat packer, who built a set of cars to transport his products to Boston using ice from the Great Lakes for cooling.
Art Nouveau Period (Art and Antiques).
1 English: metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of bows, from Middle English bow (Old English boga, from būgan ‘to bend’). Before the invention of gunpowder, the bow was an important long-range weapon for shooting game as well as in warfare. Boga is also found as a personal name in Old English, and it is possible that this survived into Middle English and so may lie behind the surname in some instances. In other cases (for example, Richard atte Bowe, 1306 ), the name is topographic, from the same word in the transferred sense ‘arched bridge’, ‘river bend’, an allusion to their similarity in shape to a drawn bow.2 Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Buadhaigh ( see Bogue ).