Starting as a voluntary association to help buyers and sellers meet to negotiate and make contracts. The Chicago Board of Trade is one of the oldest futures and options exchanges in the world and it is open 22 hours per day to stay competitive.
Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1881 · The Assassination of James Garfield
Garfield was shot twice by Charles J. Guitea at Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881. After eleven weeks of intensive and other care Garfield died in Elberon, New Jersey, the second of four presidents to be assassinated, following Abraham Lincoln.
1 English: topographic name from Middle English haven ‘harbor’, ‘haven’ (Old English hæfen).2 Irish (County Westmeath): variant of Heaven .