Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1863 · The Battle at Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg involved the largest number of casualties of the entire Civil war and is often described as the war's turning point. Between 46,000 and 51,000 soldiers lost their lives during the three-day Battle. To honor the fallen soldiers, President Abraham Lincoln read his historic Gettysburg Address and helped those listening by redefining the purpose of the war.
1906 · Gary, Indiana, Is Founded
The town of Gary, Indiana, was founded by the United States Steel Corporation in 1906. The Gary Works steel mill was the largest integrated mill in North America. The city of Gary was named after Elbert Henry Gary who was the founding chairman of the United States Steel Corporation and American lawyer and county judge. Gary partnered with J.P. Morgan, Andrew Carnegie, and Charles M. Schwab to found the United States Steel Corporation.
1 English: habitational name from a place in Lancashire named Hamer, from Old English hamor ‘rock’, ‘crag’.2 English: possibly a metonymic occupational name for a smith or for a maker or seller of hammers, Middle English hamer (Old English hamor), or a habitational name for someone living at an inn or shop distinguished by the sign of a hammer.3 Dutch: from hamer ‘hammer’, hence a metonymic occupational name for a maker of hammers or a user of a hammer, for example a blacksmith.