John Polk

18 January 1739–11 April 1803 (Age 64)
Carlisle, Cumberland, Pennsylvania, United States

The Life of John

When John Polk was born on 18 January 1739, in Carlisle, Cumberland, Pennsylvania, United States, his father, William Ezekiel Robert Polk II, was 38 and his mother, Margaret Taylor, was 34. He married Eleanor Shelby on 2 October 1758, in South Carolina, British Colonial America. They were the parents of at least 4 sons and 1 daughter. He lived in York, South Carolina, United States in 1790. He registered for military service in 1760. He died on 11 April 1803, in York, York, South Carolina, United States, at the age of 64, and was buried in Polk Family Cemetery, Pineville, Mecklenburg, North Carolina, United States.

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Family Time Line

John Polk
Eleanor Shelby
Marriage: 2 October 1758
Charles Polk
William Shelby Polk
Taylor Polk Sr
Eleanor Polk
John Polk

Spouse and Children

2 October 1758
South Carolina, British Colonial America


Parents and Siblings



+6 More Children

World Events (5)


Age 12

The French-born fur trader James Le Tort may have built a cabin in the area as early as 1720. During the colonial era, Scots-Irish settlers began to settle in the Cumberland Valley beginning in the early 1730s. The settlement of Carlisle, at the intersection of several Indigenous trails, was designated by the Pennsylvania assembly and the Penn family in 1751 as the seat of Cumberland County (named for the county of the same name in England). American engineer John Armstrong Sr., a surveyor for the Penn family, laid the plan for the settlement of Carlisle in 1751. Armstrong Sr. settled there and fathered John Armstrong Jr. in 1758. They named the settlement after its sister town of the same name in Cumberland, England, and even designed its former jailhouse (which now serve as general government offices in the county) to resemble the Carlisle Citadel.

Age 37

Thomas Jefferson's American Declaration of Independence endorsed by Congress. Colonies declare independence.

Age 37

North Carolina is the 12th state.

Name Meaning

1 Scottish: reduced form of Pollock .2 German (of Slavic origin): from an altered pet form of the Slavic personal name Boleslav, composed of the elements bole ‘great’, ‘large’ + slav ‘glory’. This name was a favorite during the Middle Ages among the gentry class in Silesia.3 German: ethnic name for a Pole ( see Polak ).

Dictionary of American Family Names © Patrick Hanks 2003, 2006.

Possible Related Names

Sources (3)

  • John Polk, "United States Census, 1790"
  • John Polk, "Find A Grave Index"
  • John Polk, "Find A Grave Index"

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