Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1867 · The First Successful Typewriter is Invented
A patent was filed on October 11, 1867, on a new direct action typewriter. The patent was filed by Christopher Latham Sholes, Carlos Glidden, and Samuel Soule who had invented the prototype in Milwaukee.
1896 · Plessy vs. Ferguson
A landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court upholding the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities if the segregated facilities were equal in quality. It's widely regarded as one of the worst decisions in U.S. Supreme Court history.
1 Scottish, northern English, and German: from an Old English personal name composed of the elements ōs ‘god’ + weald ‘power’. In the Middle English period, this fell together with the less common Old Norse cognate Ásvaldr. The name was introduced to Germany from England, as a result of the fame of St. Oswald, a 7th-century king of Northumbria, whose deeds were reported by Celtic missionaries to southern Germany. The name was also borne by a 10th-century English saint of Danish parentage, who was important as a monastic reformer.2 Irish: adopted as an English equivalent of Gaelic Ó hEodhusa ( see Hussey 1).