13 million people become unemployed after the Wall Street stock market crash of 1929 triggers what becomes known as the Great Depression. President Herbert Hoover rejects direct federal relief.
The Star-Spangled Banner is adopted as the national anthem.
1941 · Florida Involvement in World War II
Similar to the first World War, Florida's location and temperature served as an ideal location for military training; in fact, Florida would end up having 172 military installations. As a result of World War II growth, Camp Blanding became the fourth largest city in Florida, capable of housing over 55,000 soldiers. Many Floridians sacrificed their lives among other Americans to win the war; it's estimated that about 3,000 U.S. deaths were from Floridian troops.
1 English and Scottish: from the Breton personal name Aeruiu or Haerviu, composed of the elements haer ‘battle’, ‘carnage’+ vy ‘worthy’, which was brought to England by Breton followers of William the Conqueror, for the most part in the Gallicized form Hervé. (The change from -er- to -ar- was a normal development in Middle English and Old French.) Reaney believes that the surname is also occasionally from a Norman personal name, Old German Herewig, composed of the Germanic elements hari, heri ‘army’ + wīg ‘war’.2 Irish: mainly of English origin, in Ulster and County Wexford, but sometimes a shortened Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hAirmheadhaigh ‘descendant of Airmheadhach’, a personal name probably meaning ‘esteemed’. It seems to be a derivative of Airmheadh, the name borne by a mythological physician.3 Irish (County Fermanagh): shortened Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hEarchaidh ‘descendant of Earchadh’, a personal name of uncertain origin.