Winston Churchill becomes prime minister. British fighter pilots repel German air attacks in the Battle of Britain. London and other cities badly damaged in German bombing raids.
The UK becomes a permanent member of the UN Security Council.
1953 · Lancaster Priory Designated
The Lancaster Priory was designated in 1953. The building goes back possibly as far as 200 CE. In 1912, the building was unearthed. The building was formally known as the Proiry Church of St. Mary is a Church of England Parish Church of Lancaster, Lancashire, England.
1 Irish: reduced form of O’Hayden, an Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÉideáin and Ó hÉidín ‘descendant of Éideán’ or ‘descendant of Éidín’, personal names apparently from a diminutive of éideadh ‘clothes’, ‘armor’. There was also a Norman family bearing the English name (see 2 below), living in County Wexford.2 English: habitational name from any of various places called Hayden or Haydon. The three examples of Haydon in Northumberland are named from Old English hēg ‘hay’ + denu ‘valley’. Others, for example in Dorset, Hertfordshire, Somerset, and Wiltshire, get the name from Old English hēg ‘hay’ (or perhaps hege ‘hedge’ or (ge)hæg ‘enclosure’) + dūn ‘hill’.3 Jewish: see Heiden .