Explorer 1 was the first satellite of the United States to be launched and successfully orbit the Earth.
Squaw Valley, California, United States hosts Winter Olympic Games.
1961 · The Freedom Riders
Civil rights activists known as The Freedom Riders rode buses into segregated southern states to ensure the Supreme Court’s ruling that segregated public buses were unconstitutional was being upheld. The first Freedom Ride left from Washington D.C. on May 4, 1961, and traveled to New Orleans. One bus arrived in Birmingham on May 14 and was met by a white mob. The mob attacked the bus, slashed the tires, broke the windows, and threw a bomb onto the bus. The Freedom Riders barely escaped the flames. The Freedom Riders continued on and encountered segregation and violence and brought national attention to disregard of federal laws in the South.
1 English: topographic name for someone who lived near a meadow or a patch of arable land, Middle English lee, lea, from Old English lēa, dative case (used after a preposition) of lēah, which originally meant ‘wood’ or ‘glade’.2 English: habitational name from any of the many places named with Old English lēah ‘wood’, ‘glade’, as for example Lee in Buckinghamshire, Essex, Hampshire, Kent, and Shropshire, and Lea in Cheshire, Derbyshire, Herefordshire, Lancashire, Lincolnshire, and Wiltshire.3 Irish: reduced Americanized form of Ó Laoidhigh ‘descendant of Laoidheach’, a personal name derived from laoidh ‘poem’, ‘song’ (originally a byname for a poet).