By universal suffrage, Yeltsin elected president of Russian Republic. Last Soviet troops leave Hungary and Czechoslovakia. Gorbachev and leaders of seven Soviet republics sign draft union treaty.
Hard-line officials attempt to unseat Gorbachev government. Coup fails after three days, elevating Yeltsin's prestige. Ukraine, Belorussia, Moldavia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyz Republic declare independence. Armenia and Tajikistan follow in September, Turkmenistan in October, and Kazakstan in December.
Scots: Howff, a tippling house, a house of resort
Thomas John Hoff, "Montana, County Births and Deaths, 1840-2004"
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