13 million people become unemployed after the Wall Street stock market crash of 1929 triggers what becomes known as the Great Depression. President Herbert Hoover rejects direct federal relief.
The Star-Spangled Banner is adopted as the national anthem.
Amelia Earhart completes first solo nonstop transatlantic flight by a woman.
1 Scottish (of Norman origin): name of a powerful Scottish clan, originally a habitational name from Saint-Clair-sur-Elle in La Manche or Saint-Clairl’Évêque in Calvados, so called from the dedication of their churches to St. Clarus ( see Clare 3).2 Jewish: Americanized form of some like-sounding Ashkenazic Jewish surname.