Cambodia wins its independence from France. Under King Sihanouk, it becomes the Kingdom of Cambodia.
Relations are broken with the U.S. Head of State Sihanouk allows North Vietnamese guerrillas to set up bases in Cambodia in pursuance of their campaign against the U.S.-backed government in South Vietnam.
Cambodia is renamed Kampuchea.
1 Jewish (Ashkenazic): metonymic occupational name for a refiner, from Yiddish test ‘crucible’, ‘melting pot’.2 English: nickname for someone with a large or otherwise remarkable head, from Old French teste ‘head’.