The Late Qing Reform, also referred to as the era of "New Policies," involved a series of changes to education, economy, military, politics, and cultural norms of the time. The goal of these reforms was to help the Qing Dynasty maintain power after having been subject to several invasions. The Administration Office was established in April of 1901 to help manage the execution of these reforms. The effectiveness of these reforms was debated, with many believing that the laws served more as a demonstration.
Chinese Revolution. Yuan Shih-k'ai is recalled from retirement to take command of army to put down the revolution. He negotiates with the revolutionaries, with the hope of being instituted as the head of a new government, but is disappointed when Sun Yat-sen is appointed president of the new republic.
1921 · Founding of the Communist Party of China
The CPC, Communist Party of China, was founded on July 23, 1921. It was the founding political party of the People's Republic of China, and remains the only governing party within mainland China to this day (although there are eight other subordinated parties that are permitted by the government). Founders of the CPC included Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu.
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