Santa Anna returns to Mexico and becomes president. Sells additional territory to United States under Gadsden Purchase.
Triumph of Plan of Ayutla under leadership of Benito Juárez.
Santa Anna resigns in August. Juárez Law ends fueros (privileges) enjoyed by military and clergy.
Spanish (Hernández) and Jewish (Sephardic): patronymic from the personal name Hernando ( see Fernando ). This surname also became established in southern Italy, mainly in Naples and Palermo, since the period of Spanish dominance there, and as a result of the expulsion of the Jews from Spain and Portugal at the end of the 15th century, many of whom moved to Italy.