Alabama became the fourth state to secede from the Union during the Civil War on January 11, 1861. Several days later, they joined the Confederate States of America. Montgomery, Alabama, became the capital for the Confederate States of America.
Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1863 · The Battle at Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg involved the largest number of casualties of the entire Civil war and is often described as the war's turning point. Between 46,000 and 51,000 soldiers lost their lives during the three-day Battle. To honor the fallen soldiers, President Abraham Lincoln read his historic Gettysburg Address and helped those listening by redefining the purpose of the war.
1 English (West Midlands): nickname for a swarthy person, from Old English colig ‘dark’, ‘black’ (a derivative of col ‘(char)coal’).2 English: possibly a habitational name from Coaley in Gloucestershire, named in Old English as ‘woodland clearing (lēah) with a hut or shelter (cofa)’.3 Probably an Americanized form of Swiss German Kohli or Kohler .