13 million people become unemployed after the Wall Street stock market crash of 1929 triggers what becomes known as the Great Depression. President Herbert Hoover rejects direct federal relief.
1929 · The Great Depression Arrives
Like most of the country, the economy of Texas suffered greatly after the Stock Market Crash of 1929. Thousands of city workers were suddenly unemployed and relied on a variety of government relief programs; unemployed Mexican citizens were required to take one-way bus tickets to Mexico.
The Star-Spangled Banner is adopted as the national anthem.
Spanish (Frías) and Portuguese: habitational name from any of various places, for example in the provinces of Burgos and Teruel, so called from the feminine plural form of the adjective frío ‘cold’ (Latin frigidus); a noun such as aguas ‘waters’ or fuentes ‘springs’ has been lost.