The Scottish National Antarctic Expedition was organized and led by William Speirs Bruce. Him along with Robert Falcon Scott’s Discovery Expedition completed an exploration of Antarctica. They established the first manned meteorological station, the Orcadas, in 1903 and discovered new land east of the Weddell Sea. The expedition was described as the most cost-effective and carefully planned scientific expedition of the Heroic Age. The Orcadas weather station has been in continuous operation ever since.
London, United Kingdom hosts Summer Olympic Games.
Outbreak of World War I. UK enters hostilities against Germany. Grueling trench warfare in Belgium and France.
1 English and Scottish: nickname for a wild or uncouth person, from Middle English, Old French salvage, sauvage ‘untamed’ (Late Latin salvaticus literally ‘man of the woods’, a derivative of Latin silva ‘wood’, influenced by Latin salvus ‘whole’, i.e. natural).2 Irish: generally of English origin (it was taken to County Down in the 12th century), this name has also sometimes been adopted as equivalent of Gaelic Ó Sabháin, the name of a small south Munster sept, which was earlier Anglicized as O’Savin( see Savin ).3 Americanized form of Ashkenazic Jewish Savich .