Legislation introduced in British Parliament calling for independence and partition of India. communal rioting and mass movements of population begin, resulting in next months in 250,000 deaths and up to 24 million refugees.
Muslim state of East and West Pakistan created out of partition of India at the end of British rule. Hundreds of thousands die in widespread communal violence and millions are made homeless.
Start of first Indo-Pakistani War over sovereignty of Kashmir.
Muslim (chiefly Pakistan and India): honorific title for a respectable lady. Not really a surname at all, but in America sometimes taken as such.