Filipino people approve constitution creating the Philippine Commonwealth with Manuel Quezon y Molina as the first president. The Philippines is promised full independence within 10 years.
Japan attacks the Philippines by air and invades two weeks later.
U.S. forces retake the islands.
1 Italian: topographic name for someone who lived near a tower, usually a defensive fortification or watchtower (from Latin turris), or a habitational name from any of the places named with this word, as for example Torre Annunziata or Torre del Greco in Naples province, Torre de’ Passeri (Pescara, Abruzzo), or Torre di Ruggiero (Catanzaro, Calabria).2 Galician, Catalan, Aragonese, Spanish, and Portuguese: habitational name from any of the numerous places so named in Galicia (often in the form De la Torre), in Catalonia and Aragon (as for example La Torre de Fontalbella, La Torre del Compte, La Torre de Fluvià), or from any of the many places in Spain and Portugal named Torre or La Torre, from torre ‘(watch) tower’ (of the same etymology as 1).