Garfield was shot twice by Charles J. Guitea at Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881. After eleven weeks of intensive and other care Garfield died in Elberon, New Jersey, the second of four presidents to be assassinated, following Abraham Lincoln.
1882 · The Chinese Exclusion Act
A federal law prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers. The Act was the first law to prevent all members of a national group from immigrating to the United States.
1900 · First U.S. Navy Submarine Constructed
The USS Holland was the first commissioned submarine. It was named after John Philip Holland. It had been laid down in November of 1896 and launched a year later. It was acquired and commissioned in 1900 and decommissioned five years later. The submarine was finally sold in 1913 and put on display until it was scrapped in 1932.
Variant spelling of Polish Budkiewicz, a patronymic from the personal name Budka .