When James Mackay Campbell was born on 29 August 1865, in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland, United Kingdom, his father, James Campbell, was 38 and his mother, Jessie Mackay, was 28.
Scottish: nickname from Gaelic cam ‘crooked, bent’ + beul ‘mouth’. As a result of folk etymology, the surname was often represented in Latin documents as de bello campo ‘of the fair field’, which led to the name sometimes being ‘translated’ into Anglo-Norman French as Beauchamp .
Irish (North Armagh): adopted for Gaelic Mac Cathmhaoil ‘son of Cathmhaol’ (literally ‘battle chief’): see Caulfield and Cowell .
English: variant of Camel , under the influence of the Scottish name (see 1 above).
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