Jemima Cray

Brief Life History of Jemima

When Jemima Cray was born in 1835, in New Jersey, United States, her father, Richard Cray, was 33 and her mother, Mary Ann Smith, was 29. She died in 1851, in Fairfield, Butler, Ohio, United States, at the age of 16, and was buried in Piqua, Miami, Ohio, United States.

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Family Time Line

Richard Cray
Mary Ann Smith
Joseph S Cray
John S Cray
Mary E Cray
Jemima Cray
Martha W Cray
Amos Cray
Phebe Catherine Cray
Richard S Cray

Sources (2)

  • Jemima Cray in household of Richard Cray, "United States Census, 1850"
  • Jemima S Cray, "Find A Grave Index"

World Events (4)


A strike involving more than 2,000 workers from 20 textile mills in Paterson, New Jersey. Many of those involved were children, Irish, or both. The primary goal of the strike was to reduce the daily working hours from 13.5 to 11. Employers refused to negotiate, but the strike ended with a declaration that the workdays would now be 12 hours during the week and 9 hours on Saturdays. Paterson employers also blacklisted many of the strike leaders and their families.

1836 · Kirtland Temple Dedicated

On March 27, 1836, the Kirtland Temple was dedicated.


The 1844 revision of the New Jersey State Constitution made some significant changes. Suffrage rights were revoked from women and non-whites, meaning that only white men could vote. A separation of powers was established between executive, legislative, and judicial branches. A new bill of rights was provided, and the state now had the right to elect the governor.

Name Meaning

Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Craobhaigh ‘descendant of Craobhach’, a byname meaning ‘curly(-headed)’ or ‘prolific’ (from craobh ‘branch, bough’). Compare Creevy .

English: habitational name from Foots Cray, North Cray, Saint Mary Cray, Saint Paul's Cray, all in Kent and all named from the River Cray, which is named with a Celtic word meaning ‘fresh, clean’; or less likely from Cray in Buckden, Yorkshire, which is probably named with the same word.

Americanized form of German Krey and perhaps also Kray , and Dutch Kraaij or Kraij (see Kraai ).

Dictionary of American Family Names © Patrick Hanks 2003, 2006.

Possible Related Names

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