1587 · Elizabeth I Signs Death Warrant for Mary, Queen of Scots
Elizabeth I signed the death warrant for Mary, Queen of Scots, on February 1, 1587, as she was found guilty of plotting to assasinate Elizabeth. Mary, Queen of Scots, was beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle in England on February 8, 1587.
1600 · The Honourable East India Company
The Honourable East India Company, a British joint-stock company, was established in 1600 for trade in the Indian Ocean region. At its height, the British East India Company had a private army which was twice the size of the British Army, ruled large sections of India, and revenues in the millions.
1620 · The Pilgrims Board the Mayflower
"The Pilgrims boarded the Mayflower in search of religious freedom in the New World in September 1620. The Mayflower set sail from Plymouth, England, with 102 passengers, 40 of whom called themselves ""Saints."" After two stormy months at sea, the ship reached the New World. Nearly half of the group died during their first winter due to malnutrition and the harsh New England winter."
English (mainly Kent and Sussex): from the Middle English personal name Pain(e), Payn(e) (Old French Paien, from Latin Paganus), introduced to Britain by the Normans. The Latin name is a derivative of pagus ‘outlying village’, and meant at first a person who lived in the country (as opposed to Urbanus ‘city dweller’), then a civilian as opposed to a soldier, and eventually a heathen (one not enrolled in the army of Christ). This remained a popular name throughout the Middle Ages, but it died out in the 16th century.