New Federal Constitution combining elements of the U.S. constitution (Federal State with central and cantonal (state) governments and parliaments) and of French revolutionary tradition. The Principles of this constitution are still valid today.
Jean Henru Dunant founded the Red Cross in Geneva.
Switzerland organizes Red Cross units during World War I.
1 German (also Hüber, Hueber): status name based on Middle High German huobe, a measure of land, varying in size at different periods and in different places, but always of considerable extent, appreciably larger than the holding of the average peasant. The surname usually denotes a holder or owner of this amount of land, who would have been a prosperous small farmer and probably one of the leading men of his village. This name is widespread throughout central and eastern Europe, not only in German-speaking lands.2 Slovenian (eastern Slovenia): status name of Franconian origin (see 1) for a peasant who had his own landed property, dialectally called huba.3 Dutch: variant of Hubert .