U.S. acquires vast tracts of Mexican territory in wake of Mexican War including California and New Mexico.
Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1863 · Battle of Gettysburg
The three day Battle of Gettysburg was one of the bloodiest of the American Civil War. Between the Confederates and Unions, somewhere between 46,000 and 51,000 people died that day.
1 Dutch and German: topographic name from Middle High German and Middle Dutch acker ‘(cultivated) field’, hence a byname for a peasant.2 English: topographic name for someone living by a piece of cultivated land, from Middle English aker ‘acre’, ‘field’ (Old English æcer). Compare Akers .3 Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from German Acker ‘field’ (see 1).