Britain entered the Second World War as war was declared on Germany on September 3, 1939. World War II came to an end after the Americans dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, which killed 140,000 people. Less than a week later, the Japanese surrendered and the war officially ended on August 15, 1945.
Winston Churchill becomes prime minister. British fighter pilots repel German air attacks in the Battle of Britain. London and other cities badly damaged in German bombing raids.
The UK becomes a permanent member of the UN Security Council.
English (Lancashire): habitational name from a place in Lancashire, so named from Old English hop ‘valley among hills’ + wudu ‘wood’. There is a Hopwood in Worcestershire, identical in meaning, which may also have given rise to the surname in some instances.