Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1863 · The Battle at Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg involved the largest number of casualties of the entire Civil war and is often described as the war's turning point. Between 46,000 and 51,000 soldiers lost their lives during the three-day Battle. To honor the fallen soldiers, President Abraham Lincoln read his historic Gettysburg Address and helped those listening by redefining the purpose of the war.
1879 · New State Capitol Building Dedicated
After the second state capitol had been destroyed, Michigan Governor Henry P. Baldwin initiated the passing of a bill that would cover the costs for a new building. The bill was adopted and raised over $1 million by a six year state income tax. Architect Elijah E. Myers' design named Tuebor, or I will defend, was selected and he was commissioned to design the new capitol building. The renaissance revival brick and sandstone building soared 267 feet from the ground and was dedicated on January 1, 1879.