12 November 1870– Florida, Berkshire, Massachusetts, United States
The Life of Charles W
When Charles W Martin was born on 12 November 1870, in Florida, Berkshire, Massachusetts, United States, his father, Joseph Martin, was 28 and his mother, Alice Mary Woolcock, was 22. He lived in Rough and Ready, Nevada, California, United States in 1880 and Nevada City, Nevada, California, United States for about 30 years.
Yellowstone National Park was given the title of the first national park by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant. It is also believed to be the first national park in the world.
1872 · The Modoc War
Hostilities between Modoc Indians and white settlers resulted in the Modoc War during 1872-1873. A Modoc band of nearly 200 people, led by Captain Jack Kintpuash, was fleeing a forced relocation to a reservation occupied by their enemies, the Klamaths. The band had returned to their former land on Lost River, which now had white settlers occupying the area. The conflict erupted on November 29, 1872, when 40 troops were sent to move the Modocs back to the reservation. An argument erupted and shots were fired. Several were killed and the Modocs fled to “The Stronghold,” a large, cavernous lava bed. The holdout went on for months with several clashes. On April 11, 1873, General Edward Richard Sprigg Canby and Reverend Eleazar Thomas were killed by the Modocs during a negotiation. The Modocs lacked resources and supplies and eventually surrendered on July 4. In total, 2 Modocs and 71 enlisted military men lost their lives.
1901 · Assassination of Mckinley
President William McKinley was shot at the Temple of Music, in the Pan-American Exposition, while shaking hands with the public. Leon Czolgosz shot him twice in the abdomen because he thought it was his duty to do so. McKinley died after eight days of watch and care. He was the third American president to be assassinated. After his death, Congress passed legislation to officially make the Secret Service and gave them responsibility for protecting the President at all times.
1 English, Scottish, Irish, French, Dutch, German, Czech, Slovak, Spanish (Martín), Italian (Venice), etc.: from a personal name (Latin Martinus, a derivative of Mars, genitive Martis, the Roman god of fertility and war, whose name may derive ultimately from a root mar ‘gleam’). This was borne by a famous 4th-century saint, Martin of Tours, and consequently became extremely popular throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. As a North American surname, this form has absorbed many cognates from other European forms.2 English: habitational name from any of several places so called, principally in Hampshire, Lincolnshire, and Worcestershire, named in Old English as ‘settlement by a lake’ (from mere or mær ‘pool’, ‘lake’ + tūn ‘settlement’) or as ‘settlement by a boundary’ (from (ge)mære ‘boundary’ + tūn ‘settlement’). The place name has been charged from Marton under the influence of the personal name Martin.