"On April 19, 1861, the Baltimore riot took place on Pratt Street. A combination of antiwar """"Copperhead"""" Democrats and other Southern/Confederate sympathizers and Massachusetts and Pennsylvania militia ran into each other at President Street Station and ended at Camden Street Station. This was the first bloodshed of the American Civil War."
Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1863 · The Battle at Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg involved the largest number of casualties of the entire Civil war and is often described as the war's turning point. Between 46,000 and 51,000 soldiers lost their lives during the three-day Battle. To honor the fallen soldiers, President Abraham Lincoln read his historic Gettysburg Address and helped those listening by redefining the purpose of the war.
Jewish and English: patronymic from the personal name Jacob . As a Jewish surname it has also assimilated various other patronymics from the same personal name, as for example Jacobowitz .