Portuguese sailors named Ilha Formosa (beautiful island), later known as Taiwan.
1521 · Battle of Tunmen
During 1521, the Ming imperial navy engaged in a naval battle with a Portuguese fleet led by Diogo Calvo. Portuguese diplomat Fernão Pires de Andrade had arrived at the mouth of the Pearl River few years earlier, in June of 1517. After an initial misunderstanding, he was able to make a good impression and began trading goods for porcelain and silk. Negotiations came to an unfortunate halt in 1519 when Andrade's brother, Simão, arrived and immediately tarnished their reputation. Simão disrespected a Ming official, kidnapped child slaves, built an unauthorized fort, and committed other atrocities. Orders came from Beijing to evict the Portuguese, but they refused. Commander Wang Hong created a blockade against the Portuguese using a squadron of over 50 ships. The Portuguese suffered heavy losses of manpower and abandoned two of their ships; they ultimately managed to retreat during a strong wind that scattered some of the Ming fleet.
German:1. habitational name from a northern place name derived from old Germanic ar ‘water’, ‘stream’. 2. from a short form of a Middle High German personal name formed with Old High German aro ‘eagle’. Compare Arndt .