When Essie Smith was born in 1922, in Louisiana, United States, her father, Sam Smith, was 22 and her mother, Elmira Smith, was 20. She died in 2000, in Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States, at the age of 78.
1934 · Alcatraz Island Becomes Federal Penitentiary
Alcatraz Island officially became Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary on August 11, 1934. The island is situated in the middle of frigid water and strong currents of the San Francisco Bay, which deemed it virtually inescapable. Alcatraz became known as the toughest prison in America and was seen as a “last resort prison.” Therefore, Alcatraz housed some of America’s most notorious prisoners such as Al Capone and Robert Franklin Stroud. Due to the exorbitant cost of running the prison, and the deterioration of the buildings due to salt spray, Alcatraz Island closed as a penitentiary on March 21, 1963.
1937 · Los Angeles California Temple
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints announced the Los Angeles California Temple on March 6, 1937.
1953 · Grizzly Bear Becomes State Animal
The California grizzly bear became designated as the state animal in 1953.
English: occupational name for a worker in metal, from Middle English smith (Old English smið, probably a derivative of smītan ‘to strike, hammer’). Metalworking was one of the earliest occupations for which specialist skills were required, and its importance ensured that this term and its equivalents were perhaps the most widespread of all occupational surnames in Europe. Medieval smiths were important not only in making horseshoes, plowshares, and other domestic articles, but above all for their skill in forging swords, other weapons, and armor. This is the most frequent of all American surnames; it has also absorbed, by assimilation and translation, cognates and equivalents from many other languages (for forms, see Hanks and Hodges 1988 ).