Panama seceded from Colombia with U.S. backing and allows U.S. control over the strip of land now known as the Panama Canal zone.
The United States pay Colombia $25 million for the loss of Panama.
World War II. Colombia helps the United States to keep the Panama Canal open.
Spanish: habitational name from any of the several places, as for example Medina-Sidonia in Cádiz province and Medina del Campo in Valladolid, so called from Arabic medīna ‘city’. The surname is also borne by Sephardic Jews.