Brief but costly war with El Salvador over heavy immigration and disputed border.
Colonel Juan Alberto Melgar Castro take power.
Melgar ousted in coup led by General Policarpo Paz Garcia.
Spanish: from sarmiento ‘grape vine’ (Latin sarmentum ‘shoot’, from sarpere ‘to trim, prune’), apparently a nickname for a tall thin person. This is also found as an Italian surname, imported from Spain, which is present in the south, especially in Naples.