Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1863 · The Battle at Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg involved the largest number of casualties of the entire Civil war and is often described as the war's turning point. Between 46,000 and 51,000 soldiers lost their lives during the three-day Battle. To honor the fallen soldiers, President Abraham Lincoln read his historic Gettysburg Address and helped those listening by redefining the purpose of the war.
Thomas Edison had been seeking to create a more practical and affordable version of the lightbulb, primarily for home use. Edison had attempted several different materials, including platinum and other metals, before ultimately deciding on a carbon filament. On October 21, 1879, Edison finally carried out the first successful test of this new light bulb in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
1 Polish (Karaś); Hungarian (Kárász); Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovenian (Prekmurje), and Jewish (Ashkenazic): from Slavic karas ‘crucian carp’, hence a metonymic occupational name for a carp fisher or possibly a nickname for someone with a fishlike appearance. As a Jewish name it is mainly an ornamental name.2 Greek: from a nickname meaning ‘black’ ( see Caras ).3 Hungarian: topographic name for someone living by the Karas river, a tributary of the river Danube, named with Turkish kara ‘black’ + suğ ‘water’.