In 1897, while the Polish were still controlled by the Russian Partition, they created a secret political organization called the National-Democratic Party. Also known as the SDN, they primarily focused on promoting legislative changes and other forms of non-violent resistance. The group was dissolved in 1919 when Poland regained their independence.
1901 · Września Children Strike
In March of 1901, the German administration that ruled over the region of Greater Poland ordered all religion classes to teach in the German language. Students and parents were enraged by this decision. A group of roughly 118 students expressed their discontent in April; the teachers responded immediately with corporal punishment and detention. By May, a protest of 100 to 200 people began outside the school, consisting of children and adults. The administration threatened permanent suspension to individuals that rebelled, but the protests continued. The German government imprisoned 20 of these individuals over the following years and two children would end up dying from beatings. The last of the protesters would give up by 1904 and many parents ended up moving their children to other schools.
Poland becomes independent. Poland becomes independent as WWI comes to an end. The country was devastated by the war. Approximately one million Poles died. All Polish institutions had to be rebuilt as the country once again formed a nation. The official boundaries are not set until 1923.
1 Catalan and Polish: from a short form of the personal name Hipolit ( see French Hypolite ).2 English: variant of Pollitt .