Thomas Edison had been seeking to create a more practical and affordable version of the lightbulb, primarily for home use. Edison had attempted several different materials, including platinum and other metals, before ultimately deciding on a carbon filament. On October 21, 1879, Edison finally carried out the first successful test of this new light bulb in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
1881 · The Assassination of James Garfield
Garfield was shot twice by Charles J. Guitea at Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. on July 2, 1881. After eleven weeks of intensive and other care Garfield died in Elberon, New Jersey, the second of four presidents to be assassinated, following Abraham Lincoln.
1882 · The Chinese Exclusion Act
A federal law prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers. The Act was the first law to prevent all members of a national group from immigrating to the United States.
Italian (southern) and Spanish: habitational name from any of numerous places named with arena ‘sand’, ‘sandy place’, also ‘arena’, ‘(bull) ring’.