King George III of the United Kingdom and Hanover

Brief Life History of George III

George III King of Great Britain (1738-1820) 4 June 1738 Norfolk House, St James's Square, London, England Died 29 January 1820 (aged 81) Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England Predecessor George II Successor George IV George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until his death in 1820. The Acts of Union 1800 unified Great Britain and Ireland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, with George as its king. He was concurrently Duke and Prince elector of Hanover in the Holy Roman Empire before becoming King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was a monarch of the House of Hanover, who, unlike his two predecessors, was born in Great Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover. George was born during the reign of his paternal grandfather, King George II, as the first son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. Following his father's death in 1751, Prince George became heir apparent and Prince of Wales. He succeeded to the throne on George II's death in 1760. The following year, he married Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, with whom he had 15 children. George III's life and reign were marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdoms, much of the rest of Europe, and places farther afield in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Early in his reign, Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War, becoming the dominant European power in North America and India. However, many of Britain's American colonies were soon lost in the American War of Independence. Further wars against revolutionary and Napoleonic France from 1793 concluded in the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. In 1807, the transatlantic slave trade was banned from the British Empire. In the later part of his life, George had recurrent and eventually chronic mental illness. The exact nature of the mental illness is not known definitively, but historians and medical experts have suggested that his symptoms and behaviour traits were consistent with bipolar disorder or porphyria, a blood disease. In 1810, George suffered a final relapse, and his eldest son, the Prince of Wales, was named Prince Regent the following year. The King died in 1820, aged 81, at which time the Regent succeeded him as George IV. George III reigned during much of the Georgian and Regency eras. At the time of his death, he was the longest lived and longest reigning British monarch, having reigned for 59 years and 96 days; he remains the longest lived and longest reigning male monarch in British history. (See Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia for entire history Thru; Google)

Photos and Memories (43)

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Family Time Line

King George III of the United Kingdom and Hanover
Sophie Charlotte von Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Marriage: 8 September 1761
King George IV of the United Kingdom and Hanover
King George IV Hanover Great Britain
King William IV of the United Kingdom and Hanover
Princess Charlotte Augusta Matilda of United Kingdom and Hanover
Prince Edward Augustus Hanover Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Princess Augusta Sophia Hanover of the United Kingdom
Princess Elizabeth Hanover
King Ernst August of Hanover Duke of Cumberland
Prince Augustus Frederick Von Hanover Duke of Sussex
Prince Adolphus Frederick Von Hanover Duke Of Cambridge
Princess Mary von Hanover
Princess Sophia Matilda Hanover
Louisa Marie Wedlock
Prince Octavius of Great Britain
Prince Alfred of Great Britain and Ireland
Princess Amelia of Britain

Sources (41)

  • George William Frederic, "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975"
  • King George III, "England Marriages, 1538–1973 "
  • George III, "Find A Grave Index"

World Events (8)

1752 · Gregorian Calendar is Adopted

Gregorian calendar was adopted in England in 1752. That year, Wednesday, September 2, 1752, was followed by Thursday, September 14th, 1752, which caused the country to skip ahead eleven days.

1754 · Seven Years' War

The Seven Years' War began as a North American conflict then stretched between England and France. England, along with allies, battled France in America, India, and Europe, making it arguably the first global war. The conflict ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763 and England was victorious. The Seven Years' war ultimately led to discontent in the colonies and the American Revolution.

1770 · Boston Tea Party

Thousands of British troops were sent to Boston to enforce Britain's tax laws. Taxes were repealed on all imports to the American Colonies except tea. Americans, disguised as Native Americans, dumped chests of tea imported by the East India Company into the Boston Harbor in protest. This escalated tensions between the American Colonies and the British government.

Name Meaning

German: possibly a metonymic occupational name for a fisherman, from orfe, a species of freshwater fish. Alternatively, a habitational name from Urff near Kassel, formerly Orpha.

Dictionary of American Family Names © Patrick Hanks 2003, 2006.

Possible Related Names

Story Highlight

^ George was falsely said to have married a Quakeress named Hannah Lightfoot on 17 April 1759, prior to his marriage to Charlotte, and to have had at least one child by her. However, Lightfoot had mar …

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