When Joseph Smith Black was born on 14 July 1836, in Lisburn, County Antrim, Ireland, his father, William Black, was 51 and his mother, Jane Johnston, was 35. He married Nancy Cynthia Allred on 12 November 1855, in Ephraim, Sanpete, Utah, United States. They were the parents of at least 7 sons and 4 daughters. He lived in Spring City, Sanpete, Utah, United States in 1860 and Kanosh, Millard, Utah, United States in 1870. He died on 13 August 1910, in Deseret, Millard, Utah, United States, at the age of 74, and was buried in Deseret City Cemetery, Deseret, Millard, Utah, United States.
English and Scottish: chiefly from Middle English blak(e) ‘black’ (Old English blæc, blaca), a nickname given from the earliest times to a swarthy or dark-haired man. However, Middle English blac also meant ‘pale, wan’, a reflex of Old English blāc ‘pale, white’ with a shortened vowel. Compare Blatch and Blick . With rare exceptions it is impossible to disambiguate these antithetical senses in Middle English surnames. The same difficulty arises with Blake and Block .
Scottish: in Gaelic-speaking areas this name was adopted as a translation of the epithet dubh ‘dark, black-(haired)’, or of various other names based on Gaelic dubh ‘black’, see Duff .
Americanized form (translation into English) of various European surnames directly or indirectly derived from the adjective meaning ‘black, dark’, for example German and Jewish Schwarz and Slavic surnames beginning with Čern-, Chern- (see Chern and Cherne ), Chorn-, Crn- or Czern-.
I have read with interest the biographical sketches of our pioneer mothers and grandmothers’ lives that have appeared in the Deseret News. How true is the statement: “The hand that rocks the cradle …