When Josiah Crosby Lang was born on 20 November 1820, in Epsom, Merrimack, New Hampshire, United States, his father, Bickford Lang Jr, was 46 and his mother, Abigail D Locke, was 42. He married Hulda Ann Chapman on 5 October 1841, in Lorain, Ohio, United States. They were the parents of at least 1 son and 5 daughters. He lived in Huntington, Lorain, Ohio, United States in 1850 and Lorain, Ohio, United States in 1860. He died on 17 November 1861, in Columbus, Franklin, Ohio, United States, at the age of 40, and was buried in Wellington, Lorain, Ohio, United States.
Scottish, English, German, Dutch, Danish, and Jewish (Ashkenazic); Swedish (also Lång): nickname for a tall person, from Older Scots, Middle English, Middle High German, Middle Dutch, and Danish lang ‘long’, Swedish lång. The surname of (Middle High) German origin is also found in France (mainly Alsace and Lorraine), Czechia, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Croatia, and Slovenia.
Hungarian (Láng): from láng ‘flame’, hence probably a nickname for a passionate person, or a man with a fighting spirit. Alternatively, it may be an indirect occupational name for a smith or someone who worked with fire. This surname is also found in Slovenia, where it is spelled Lang, and in Slovakia, where it is spelled in both ways.
Chinese: Mandarin form of the surname 郎, an ancient term to refer to one's lover or son: (i) from the placename Lang (郎), the name of a city, the living place of Fei Bo, the grandson of the Duke Yi of Lu (ruler of the state of Lu, reigned 815–807 BC ). Some of his descendants later changed their original surname Fei to Lang (郎). (ii) borne by some families from the state of the South Huns (48–216 AD , located in northern China).