Fidel Castro leads a Communist revolution. The rebel army overthrows President Fulgencio Batista.
United States breaks diplomatic relations with Havana. All U.S. businesses in Cuba are nationalized without compensation.
The Bay of Pigs. United States sponsors an abortive invasion by Cuban exiles. Castro proclaims Cuba a communist state and allies the country with the U.S.S.R.
Basque: Castilianized variant of Basque Bergara, a habitational name from places so called (earlier Virgara) in the provinces of Gipuzkoa and Navarre. The place name is of uncertain derivation; the second element is gara ‘hill’, ‘height’, ‘eminence’, but the first has not been satisfactorily identified.