When Lydia Martin was born in 1853, her father, Reuben A. Martin, was 51 and her mother, Nancy Ann Courtney, was 48. She married William Pritchard on 11 May 1848. She lived in West Virginia, United States in 1870.
Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
"West Virginia was given statehood status with the ""agreement"" the citizens would phase out slavery. On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln approved the Statehood Bill for West Virginia. West Virginia was proclaimed a state on April 20, 1863, with the bill becoming effective 60 days later, June 20, 1863. When West Virginia first entered statehood in 1863, there were only 46 counties. That same year, four other counties voted themselves into West Virginia. Today, there are 55 counties in the Mountain State. The oldest county in the state is Hamsphire County formed in 1754 as part of Virginia. The youngest county is Mingo formed in 1895. The smallest county is Hancock located in the northern panhandle of the state with Randolph being the largest. When the Legislature convened for its first session, there were only 47 members of the House of Delegates and 18 members of the State Senate. Through the years, the number has increased to 100 members of the House of Delegates and 34 members of the State Senate."
Statue of Liberty is dedicated.
1 English, Scottish, Irish, French, Dutch, German, Czech, Slovak, Spanish (Martín), Italian (Venice), etc.: from a personal name (Latin Martinus, a derivative of Mars, genitive Martis, the Roman god of fertility and war, whose name may derive ultimately from a root mar ‘gleam’). This was borne by a famous 4th-century saint, Martin of Tours, and consequently became extremely popular throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. As a North American surname, this form has absorbed many cognates from other European forms.2 English: habitational name from any of several places so called, principally in Hampshire, Lincolnshire, and Worcestershire, named in Old English as ‘settlement by a lake’ (from mere or mær ‘pool’, ‘lake’ + tūn ‘settlement’) or as ‘settlement by a boundary’ (from (ge)mære ‘boundary’ + tūn ‘settlement’). The place name has been charged from Marton under the influence of the personal name Martin.