"Carlos, duke of Madrid, aka ""Carlos VII"", takes over as king, gives Catalonia recognition. Tensions rise among Carlists and the Bourbons. Several battles take place between the two factions. The Carlist side is forced out and Carlos escapes to France."
1873 · The First Republic
Amadeo de Saboya abdicates, the Republic of 1873 comes into power to fill the void. General Serrano pronounces himself president during Spain's brief stint as a unitary republic. In 1874 rebel Arsenio Martinez Campos declares Alfonso XII king of Spain, which is met with no resistance.
1883 · "The """"Sagrada Familia"""" Cathedral in Barcelona begins construction"
Architect Antoni Gaudi begins work on what would be a historical landmark cathedral in Barcelona, Spain.
1 English, Scottish, Irish, French, Dutch, German, Czech, Slovak, Spanish (Martín), Italian (Venice), etc.: from a personal name (Latin Martinus, a derivative of Mars, genitive Martis, the Roman god of fertility and war, whose name may derive ultimately from a root mar ‘gleam’). This was borne by a famous 4th-century saint, Martin of Tours, and consequently became extremely popular throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. As a North American surname, this form has absorbed many cognates from other European forms.2 English: habitational name from any of several places so called, principally in Hampshire, Lincolnshire, and Worcestershire, named in Old English as ‘settlement by a lake’ (from mere or mær ‘pool’, ‘lake’ + tūn ‘settlement’) or as ‘settlement by a boundary’ (from (ge)mære ‘boundary’ + tūn ‘settlement’). The place name has been charged from Marton under the influence of the personal name Martin.