"On April 18, 1775, a shot known as the ""shot heard around the world"" was fired between American colonists and British troops in Lexington, Massachusetts. This began the American War for Independence. Fifteen months later, Thomas Jefferson penned the Declaration of Independence. The Treaty of Paris was signed in September 1783 which ended the war. The colonies were no longer under British rule. Many who fought for the British fled to Canada, the West Indies, and some to England."
1787 · English Convicts Sail to Australia
The first fleet of convicts sailed from England to Australia on May 13, 1787. By 1868, over 150,000 felons had been exiled to New South Wales, Van Diemen's Land, and Western Australia.
English: of disputed origin. Reaney rejects the traditional explanation that it is a nickname derived from early modern English fitch ‘polecat’, as this word is not recorded in this form until the 16th century, whereas the byname or surname Fitchet is found as early as the 12th century. He proposes instead that the name may be from Old French fiche ‘stake’ (used as a boundary marker), but with the sense ‘iron point’, and so a metonymic occupational name for a workman who used an ironpointed implement.