On February 16, 1704, the Warsaw Confederation was formed with the intent of stripping away power from August II the Strong, the current King of Poland at the time. The confederation managed to dethrone August II shortly thereafter, and declared that Stanisław Leszczyński was the new king. An opposing group, the Sandomierz Confederation, was formed with the intent of restoring August II. The Warsaw Confederation managed to win a civil war that lasted from 1704 through 1706. However, with Russians prevailing over the Swedish following the Great Northern War, August II returned to the throne in 1709.
1724 · Blood Bath of Thorn
In 1724, the Polish Supreme Court carried out a series of executions in the city of Thorn. The conflicts began with a religious-centered fight in July. Jesuit followers accused the Lutherans of sacrilegious disrespect for not removing their hats in the presence of a Holy Mary statue. Tensions escalated quickly, resulting in property damage and several Jesuits being beaten. Johann Gottfried Rosner, mayor of Thorn, was sentenced to death by the government on November 16, along with twelve other Lutherans. Their executions were carried out by Prince Jerzy Dominik Lubomirski and a regiment of soldiers; most were decapitated, but two were quartered and burned.
1733 · War of the Polish Succession
Lasting from 1733 to 1735, the War of Polish Succession started as an internal civil war over the successor to Augustus II. As other European leaders began to pursue their own interests, the conflict grew into a major European War. The majority of military campaigns took place outside Poland, between countries like France, Spain, and Russia. Peace was achieved in 1735, but the war didn't officially end until the Treaty of Vienna was signed in 1738. Augustus III ended up ascending the throne as the new King of Poland.
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