Barnard Black

Brief Life History of Barnard

Barnard Black was born in 1817, in New York, United States. He married Rachel Owens on 5 February 1839. They were the parents of at least 3 sons and 3 daughters. He lived in Monroe Township, Monroe, Missouri, United States in 1880 and Monroe, Missouri, United States in 1880. He died on 27 April 1881, in Missouri, United States, at the age of 64.

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Family Time Line

Barnard Black
1817–1881
Rachel Owens
1821–1880
Marriage: 5 February 1839
Jacob Black
1840–
Nancy J. Black
1841–1919
Ann Black
1850–1932
William "Henry" Black
1856–1940
Eliza Beth Black
1859–1917
George William Black
1862–1936

Sources (16)

  • Bernard Black, "United States Census, 1880"
  • Barnard Black, "Illinois, County Marriages, 1810-1940"
  • Barnard Black in entry for John W Franklin and Ann Fox, "Illinois, County Marriages, 1810-1940"

World Events (8)

1818

Illinois is the 21st state.

1827 · Slavery Becomes Illegal in New York State

During the years 1799 to 1827, New York went through a period of gradual emancipation. A Gradual Emancipation Law was passed in 1799 which freed slave children born after July 4, 1799. However, they were indentured until 25 years old for women and 28 years old for men. A law passed 1817 which freed slaves born before 1799, yet delayed their emancipation for ten years. All remaining slaves were freed in New York State on July 4, 1827.

1839 · From Swamp to Beautiful Place

By 1829 Venus, Illinois had grown sufficiently and in 1832 was one of the contenders for the new county seat. However, the honor was awarded to a nearby city, Carthage. In 1834 the name Venus was changed to Commerce because the settlers felt that the new name better suited their plans. But during late 1839, arriving members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints bought the small town of Commerce and in April 1840 it was renamed Nauvoo by Joseph Smith Jr., who led the Latter-Day Saints to Nauvoo to escape persecution in Missouri. The name Nauvoo is derived from the traditional Hebrew language. It is notable that by 1844 Nauvoo's population had swollen to around 12,000 residents, rivaling the size of Chicago at the time. After the Latter-Day Saints left the population settled down toward 2,000 people.

Name Meaning

English and Scottish: chiefly from Middle English blak(e) ‘black’ (Old English blæc, blaca), a nickname given from the earliest times to a swarthy or dark-haired man. However, Middle English blac also meant ‘pale, wan’, a reflex of Old English blāc ‘pale, white’ with a shortened vowel. Compare Blatch and Blick . With rare exceptions it is impossible to disambiguate these antithetical senses in Middle English surnames. The same difficulty arises with Blake and Block .

Scottish: in Gaelic-speaking areas this name was adopted as a translation of the epithet dubh ‘dark, black-(haired)’, or of various other names based on Gaelic dubh ‘black’, see Duff .

Americanized form (translation into English) of various European surnames directly or indirectly derived from the adjective meaning ‘black, dark’, for example German and Jewish Schwarz and Slavic surnames beginning with Čern-, Chern- (see Chern and Cherne ), Chorn-, Crn- or Czern-.

Dictionary of American Family Names © Patrick Hanks 2003, 2006.

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