President William McKinley was shot at the Temple of Music, in the Pan-American Exposition, while shaking hands with the public. Leon Czolgosz shot him twice in the abdomen because he thought it was his duty to do so. McKinley died after eight days of watch and care. He was the third American president to be assassinated. After his death, Congress passed legislation to officially make the Secret Service and gave them responsibility for protecting the President at all times.
1907 · Boll Weevil Destroys Most the Cotton Crop
When the boll weevil threatened most the Mississippi Delta, it put the state’s cotton crop in peril. By the time the boll weevil reached Mississippi it had already destroyed four million bales of cotton. This added up to $238 million at the time or about 6 billion in present day. The boll weevil depends on cotton for every stage of its life.
1923 · The President Dies of a Heart Attack
Warrant G. Harding died of a heart attack in the Palace hotel in San Francisco.
English and Scottish: from a Celtic personal name of great antiquity and obscurity. In England the personal name is now usually spelled Alan, the surname Allen; in Scotland the surname is more often Allan. Various suggestions have been put forward regarding its origin; the most plausible is that it originally meant ‘little rock’. Compare Gaelic ailín, diminutive of ail ‘rock’. The present-day frequency of the surname Allen in England and Ireland is partly accounted for by the popularity of the personal name among Breton followers of William the Conqueror, by whom it was imported first to Britain and then to Ireland. St. Alan(us) was a 5th-century bishop of Quimper, who was a cult figure in medieval Brittany. Another St. Al(l)an was a Cornish or Breton saint of the 6th century, to whom a church in Cornwall is dedicated.