War of the Pacific. Chile wages war against Bolivia and Peru.
Chile seals victory with Treaty of Ancón.
Civil war. Supporters of President José Manuel Balmaceda Fernández fight against supporters of Congress. The congressional cupporters win.
Spanish (Gutiérrez): patronymic from the medieval personal name Gutierre, from a Visigothic personal name of uncertain form and meaning, perhaps a compound of the elements gunþi ‘battle’ + hairus ‘sword’.