Republic of South Africa established on May 31, quits Commonwealth. Month-long police raids, 8,000 arrested. Pretoria court acquits twenty-eight activists, including ANC leaders Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu.
UN General Assembly calls for sanctions against South Africa. Nelson Mandela sentenced to five years in prison for inciting unrest, traveling abroad without a passport.
Polish (Małecki): habitational name for someone from places called Małki in the voivodeships of Ostrołęka and Toruń.