Small revolutions in the kingdoms. Venice, Rome and Tuscany declare themselves Republics.
Austria regains control of most of Italy.
Northern Italy was joined to the Kingdom of Sardinia.
1 Italian: habitational name from any of various places named with Colla, from medieval Latin colla ‘hill’, ‘col’ (a derivative of Latin collis ‘hill’).2 Dutch: from a short form of the personal name Nikolaas ( see Nicholas ).