The Dakota War was an armed conflict between the United States and several bands of Dakota Native Americans. It began along the Minnesota River four years after Minnesota was admitted as a state. The Dakota made attacks on hundreds of settlers, which resulted in their deaths. A military tribunal sentenced 303 Dakota men to death for their crimes but 264 of them were exonerated. The remaining 38 were apart of a mass hanging on December 26 that same year. It was the largest mass execution in United States history.
Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, declaring slaves in Confederate states to be free.
1863 · The Battle at Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg involved the largest number of casualties of the entire Civil war and is often described as the war's turning point. Between 46,000 and 51,000 soldiers lost their lives during the three-day Battle. To honor the fallen soldiers, President Abraham Lincoln read his historic Gettysburg Address and helped those listening by redefining the purpose of the war.
1 North German, Dutch, and Scandinavian: regional name for someone from Holstein , Danish Holtsete ‘person from Holstein’.2 Dutch: habitational name from Holst in Limburg.